Synchronicity: A concept first introduced by analytical psychologist Carl Gustav Jung

(I was taught about the phenomenon of an individual having ideas of reference when I took a course in psychology at Stuyvesant High School. In my view, it may be loosely connected to the concept of synchronicity.)

Synchronicity (German: Synchronizität) is a concept, first introduced by analytical psychologist Carl Jung, which holds that events are “meaningful coincidences” if they occur with no causal relationship yet seem to be meaningfully related. During his career, Jung furnished several different definitions of it. Jung defined synchronicity as an “acausal connecting (togetherness) principle,” “meaningful coincidence”, and “acausal parallelism.” He introduced the concept as early as the 1920s but gave a full statement of it only in 1951 in an Eranos lecture.CGJung

In 1952 Jung published a paper “Synchronizität als ein Prinzip akausaler Zusammenhänge” (Synchronicity – An Acausal Connecting Principle in a volume which also contained a related study by the physicist and Nobel laureate Wolfgang Pauli,  who was sometimes critical of Jung’s ideas. Jung’s belief was that, just as events may be connected by causality, they may also be connected by meaning. Events connected by meaning need not have an explanation in terms of causality, which does not generally contradict the Axiom of Causality.

Jung used the concept in arguing for the existence of the paranormal. A believer in the paranormal, Arthur Koestler wrote extensively on synchronicity in his 1972 book The Roots of Coincidence. The idea of synchronicity as extending beyond mere coincidence (as well as the paranormal generally) is widely rejected in the academic and scientific community.

Synchronicity – Wikipedia



The Collected Works of C.G. Jung: Complete Digital Edition eBook: C. G. Jung, Gerhard Adler, Michael Fordham, Herbert Read, William McGuire, R. F.C. Hull: Kindle Store

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